2016年黑龙江齐齐哈尔中考《英语》考试说明

2016-01-15 16:55:20 来源:北京中考网 分享资源

齐齐哈尔市2016年英语学科考试说明 一、命题范围与原则 (一)命题范围 齐齐哈尔市2016年初中毕业学业考试英语学科以人教社出版的九年义务教育初级中学英语教材《新目标》为基础。命题的范围是《英语课程标准》之“内容标准”中五级目标的内容、要求及相关的附录,同时参考三级和四级的内容和要求。 (二)命题原则 遵循下列原则: 1.着重考查学生的综合语言运用能力 依据2011年修正的《英语课程标准》,命题要以全面、准确地考查学生的综合语言运用能力为宗旨,真正落实“考查学生用英语做事情的能力”的评价指导思想,主要是通过读、写形式考查学生综合语言运用能力,体现语言学习对学生发展的价值。 2.充分考虑学生的实际生活和身心发展水平,关注学生不同特点和个性差异 试题所选择的语言素材和创设的语言运用情境,要充分考虑学生的生活实际、生活经验及当时社会发展状况。试题素材的选择和题型的设计要与学生的身心发展水平相适应。 3.选用真实、地道的语言素材,根据语言实际情形命题 在选择语言素材时,尽量使用真实、地道、典型的当代英语素材,尽可能提供语意相对完整的语境,尽可能使试题任务接近或类似现实生活中语言使用的实际情形,实现语言学习的实践性和应用性。 二、考查内容与说明 (一)语言知识的运用能力 语言知识的运用能力主要考查学生在一定的语境中运用语法知识、词汇知识、语用知识、语言交际的能力。对知识的考查不是孤立地考查某些知识点,更不是机械地考查对知识的记忆情况。 (二)交际技能 能够回答有关个人信息的问题,并就较熟悉的话题与他人进行交流,特别是在真实语境中沟通信息、描述事物、表达情感、发表观点和意见的能力。 (三)阅读技能 2016年齐齐哈尔市初中毕业学业考试英语学科把阅读技能作为主要考查内容之一,着重考查学生理解各种题材和体裁的书面材料的能力,以及从各种材料中获取信息的能力。适当选用一些实用性的语言材料作为试题的素材,如广告、告示、说明书、指令等。 (四)写的技能 写的技能指运用所学语言知识与技能,以书面的形式进行信息沟通、再现生活经历、描述周围事物、发表意见和观点的能力。着重考查学生以书面形式表达真实意义或传递信息的能力。 三、试题难度、试卷长度与分值比例 (一)试题难度 英语学科考试难度按易、中、难划分,拟定比例为7:2:1。难度系数应在0.65—0.75之间。 (二)试卷长度 英语学科考试采取书面笔答闭卷的方式,试卷采用16开8页布局,由大约80个小题及书面组成,考试时间120分钟,满分120分。 (三)分值比例 试题120分。其中:单项选择30分(约占25%)、完形填空15分(约占12.5%)、情景交际20分(约占16.7%)、阅读理解40分(约占33.3%)、书面表达15分(约占12.5%)。 四、题型与赋分 Ⅰ.Multiple choice. Choose the best answer from A, B, or C according to the meaning of the sentence. 30分(30小题) Ⅱ. Cloze test. Choose the best answer to complete the passage. 15分(15小题) Ⅲ. Communication.20分 (A)Choose the best response from A to F according to the sentences given. Each choice should be used only once. 10分(5小题) (B)Complete the dialogue with proper words or sentences. 10分(5小题) Ⅳ. Reading 40分 (A) Choose the best topic from A to F according to the meaning of the passage. 5分(5小题) (B) Judge the following sentences true(T)or false(F)according to the passage. 5分(5小题) (C) Choose the best choice from A,B or C according to the passage. 10分(5小题) (D) Fill in the blanks according to the passage. 10分(5小题) (E) Answer the following questions according to what you read .10分(5小题) V. Writing. Write a passage according to the i information given. 15分 Writing A (5分) 词数大约30-50 Writing B (10分)词数大约 80-100 五、试题说明与列举 第一题(单项选择) 此题主要考查学生的基础知识掌握情况,包括:语法、词汇、固定搭配、交际用语等,所考核内容均设计在语境中,非正确的选项也都具有干扰功能,以考查学生在特定情景中的应用所学知识的能力。 (一)说明: 题干设计一般都有一定的语境,考生作答时要考虑整个句子的结构及意义,不要只顾及局部结构。 (二)实例列举: ( ) 1. While traveling in Canada, you should give yourself a day to ___________the time and know the way nearby. A. get used toB. used toC. use to 答案:A (一)说明: 此类题不是根据僵化的语法规则命题,而是根据语言的实际使用情况设计题干和选项,特别是要充分考虑语言的变化,考生要注意考虑语境以及各个选项在所给语境中可能表达的意思。 (二)实例列举: ( ) 2. Because he was always ill, he had to his job. A. put upB. put onC. give up 答案:C 第二题(完形填空) 在一个意思完整的短文中,留出一定的空白,要求考生根据短文内容及每空所提供的选项,选出最佳答案,使补全后的短文意思通顺、前后连贯、结构完整、语法正确。此题即涉及语法、词法、固定搭配,又涉及通过篇章语境获取信息、处理信息的语用能力。 (一)说明 完形填空的文字材料难度应略低于阅读理解的材料,所选材料一般含有比较丰富的语言形式和紧凑的篇章结构,试题所涉及的各类考点(词汇、语法的运用、上下文的理解和篇章结构安排)一般都均衡分布。 (二)实例列举: One day when I was drinking in a coffee shop, I saw a young woman sitting alone at a table. She was 1 a beautiful necklace. There was a fat man at a table not far 2 her. He was looking at her 3 all the time. Suddenly the lights went out. The coffee house was in 4 . The woman started to shout. She was very 5 . A few minutes later, the lights came on again. The woman was 6 . Her necklace was gone. The manager quickly 7 all the doors. He telephoned the police. 8 could get out of the coffee house. The policemen soon came. The police officer 9 his men to look for the necklace. They then searched the whole coffee house. But they could 10 nothing. The police officer 11 the faces of all the people in the coffee house. He saw the fat man and looked at the man 12 . He went up to the man and picked 13 the bowl of soup on the table. He then 14 the soup into a glass. The necklace fell out. The policemen caught the man and 1 5 him away. The young woman was happy to get back her necklace. ( ) 1. A. wearing B. dressing C. putting on ( ) 2. A. from   B. to C. beside ( ) 3. A. ring B. necklace C. glasses ( ) 4. A. light B. dark C. bright ( ) 5. A. happy B. exciting C. afraid ( ) 6. A. crying B. laughing C. smiling ( ) 7. A. opened B. turned off C. closed ( ) 8. A. Nobody B. Anyone C. Someone ( ) 9. A. decided B. asked C. let ( ) 10. A. look for B. see C. find ( ) 11. A. watched B. saw C. looked up ( ) 12. A. excitedly B. carefully C. happily ( ) 13. A. on B. out C. up ( ) 14. A. took B. brought C. poured ( ) 15. A. carried B. took C. got 答案:1—5 AABBC 6—10 ACABC 11—15 ABCCB

第三题(情景交际) 此类题可间接考查学生的口语能力,分(A)(B)两题,所选正确答案及填写语句必须符合对话的语境。 (一)说明: 此类题侧重于对交际功能运用能力的考查,所涉及的日常交际用语贴近考生生活,采用了生活中常用的话题,增强了语言的实践性。 (二)实例列举: A. Communication. Choose the best response from A to F according to the sentences given. Each choice should be used only once. ( )1. Thank you for offering us such a good meal! ( )2. Could I ask you a very personal question? ( )3. Nancy, how do you like the TV play? ( )4. Dad is out. Can I take the message for you? ( )5. Miss Wu, thanks for helping me so much.

A. It’s wonderful. B. Take a massage for you C. My pleasure. D. I’m glad you all enjoy it. E. Of course, go ahead. F. Yes, please. Thank you.

答案:1—5 DEAFC (一)说明: 此类题强调在特定情景中的语言运用,是半开放性试题,主要考查学生日常交际用语使用的准确性及得体性。在内容的编制上一般是将几个话题巧妙地融合在一起,使学生有身临其境的感觉,从而顺畅地完成对话。 (二)实例列举: B. Complete the dialogue. Complete the dialogue with proper words or sentences according to the meaning of the dialogue. A: Mary, you look a little unhappy. (1)___________________? B: I didn’t pass the exam. A: (2) ______________________. B: It wasn’t as easy as the last one. A: Well, the final exam is always more difficult. Work harder and I’m sure (3)_______________. B: I worked very hard, but I was too careless this time. A: Well, don’t worry about the exam any longer. Let’s talk about something else. B: Sorry, I have no interest in talking now. (4)__________________ and prepare for the next exam. A: OK, (5)________________________. B: Thank you very much. Goodbye. A: Goodbye. 答案:1. What’s wrong (with you)/ What’s the matter/What’s the trouble 2. I’m sorry to hear that 3. you will do better next time 4. I have to go home 5. I wish you success 第四题(阅读理解) 阅读理解部分共有(A)(B)(C)(D)(E)五篇短文组成,阅读后根据题目要求做答。分为选择最佳标题,判断正误,选择正确答案,补全信息,回答问题五个题型,文章生词率不超过3%,所选文章的题材和体裁均是考生所熟悉的。 (一)说明: 此题侧重于对学生分析理解能力的考查,所涉及的话题贴近考生生活,语言的针对性强。 (二)实例列举: Reading comprehension (A) Choose the best topic from A to F according to the meaning of each paragraph. Your schooldays should be some of the best and happiest days of your life. You shouldn’t waste this wonderful opportunity to learn. Here is our advice for you to have a happy school life. ( )1. Don’t say things are difficult or boring. Be interested in school life and your school subjects. Join in lots of activities. Be quick to put your hand up. Go around the school with a big smile. ( )2. School is not a holiday camp. If you are not working, you are not learning, and you are wasting your time at school. Teachers cannot make everything enjoyable. ( )3. If you do not eat a good breakfast, you will be thinking about food in class. If you go to bed late and do not have enough sleep, you will be sleepy in class. Play some sports to keep your body strong. ( )4. Do not say you will do things tomorrow. If you get behind the class, it is very difficult to get back in front. You cannot finish a race if you rest all the time. ( )5. Sometimes they are only the result of misunderstanding. Don’t be too embarrassed to ask for help. You are young. Do not think you can do everything! A. Keep fit. B. Don’t waste time. C. Be active to work. D. Do today’s work today. E. Talk about problems. F. Don’t be too disappointed.

答案:(A) 1—5 CBADE (一)说明: 此题侧重于对西方国家风土人情,风俗习惯能力的考查,所涉及的内容知识性强,趣味性强,有助于培养学生的英语素养及判断能力。 (二)实例列举: Reading comprehension ( B ) The New Year is one of the happiest holidays in Russia. Christmas was a very important Russian holiday before. However, in the past one hundred years, the New Year has taken its place. The New Year is also celebrated with a Christmas tree that has begun to be called a New Year tree. Russian people regard the coming year as the beginning of new life, a chance to make dreams come true. There is a tradition to make a wish while drinking champagne(香槟酒). Actually, champagne is the traditional drink of the first half hour of the New Year. And then beer or vodka (伏特加酒) takes its place. People make a lot of preparations before New Year’s Day. They clean their houses and cook a lot of food. Russian New Year is different from American Christmas. It is usually celebrated with friends while in America Christmas is usually celebrated with family. The New Year party is usually a very happy party with a lot of toasts(干杯,敬酒), changing clothes, exchanging presents and congratulating each other. Russians can have a lot of fun on New Year’s Day. December 31st is a working day, but January 1st and 2nd are holidays, so it is a tradition for people to stay awake all night on New Year’s Eve. And even children try not to go to sleep for as long as they can. People go out into the streets at night, light New Year trees and put them all around the town. Judge the following sentences true ( T ) or false ( F ) according to the passage. ( )1. New Year’s Day is not as important as Christmas in Russia. ( )2. Russians usually drink beer or vodka first, and then drink champagne. ( )3. Russians usually exchange presents during the New Year party. ( )4. New Year holidays usually last from December 30th to January 2nd. ( )5. Russian New Year is not the same as American Christmas. 答案:(B) 1— 5 FFTFT (一)说明: 此题侧重于对实际生活能力的考查,所涉及的内容贴近考生生活,培养了学生的分析推理能力,增强了语言的实用性。 (二)实例列举: Reading comprehension ( C ) DIFFERENT CLUBS Sunny English Club For studentsOcean MuseumHealth Centre 16:00-18:00 every Saturday9:00-17:00 From Thursday to Sunday9:00-17:30 200 yuan a monthTicket: 50 yuanFree examinations for those over 70 9 Zhou Yu Street132 Xue Yuan Street16 Yong Le Street Tel: 3785290Tel:5439871Tel: 3801451 Foreign teachers, English songs and films and more!Show you a full picture of sea livesGive you good advice to keep healthy Choose the best choice from A、B or C according to what you read. ( )1. Sunny English Club is for . A. nurses B. policemen C. students ( )2. One can get free examinations in Health Centre if he is . A.73 B. 17 C. 9 ( )3. If you are interested in the life of fish, you should go to . A. Health Centre B. Ocean Museum C. Sunny English Club Street ( )4. From the information above, we know that is at 9 Zhou Yu Street. A. Health Centre B. Ocean Museum C. Sunny English Club ( )5. Which of the following is NOT true? A. The telephone number of Health Centre is 3801451. B. You should pay at least 30 yuan if you want to go to Ocean Museum. C. We can watch some English films when we join Sunny English Club. 答案: (C) 1—5 CABCB (一)说明: 此题侧重于对语言综合能力的考查,学生词汇的拼写,短语以及各种词性变化的考查,尤其是对短文意思整体的处理。 (二)实例列举: Reading comprehension (D) A man made a nice talking machine. It could weigh people’s weight. The man wanted to try the machine before he could make a lot of machines. He put the machine into the waiting room of a station. There were always lots of people in and out. The first one who used the machine was an Indian woman. She stood on the machine, the machine thought for a few seconds to decide which language to speak. “Good morning, Madam,” it said in Indian. “Your weight is 72 kilograms. That’s three kilograms more. If you eat more fruit and vegetables, you will be soon all right. Please have a nice day.” The second one to use the machine was a Chinese girl. She stood on the machine and waited to hear her weight. “Good morning, Miss,” the machine said in Chinese. “Your weight is 45 kilograms. It’s all right for your age. You can eat what you eat every day. Please have a nice day.” The third one to use the machine was a very fat American woman. She thought for a long time to stand on the machine. The machine spoke quickly in English, “Good morning. Will one of you get off? ” Fill in the blanks according to the passage. Only one word for each blank. A man made a machine(1)_______ could weigh weight. The man wanted to try the machine so he put it in the waiting room of a station (2)_______ there were always lots of people there. The machine told the Indian woman she was a little (3)_______ than the common people. The machine told the Chinese girl to keep (4)_______ what she ate every day. For the third one, an American woman was (5)_______ heavy that the machine thought not only one was using it. 答案:(D) 1.that/ which 2.because 3.heavier/fatter 4.eating 5.so (一)说明: 此题侧重于对语言综合素养的考查,内容涉及到文化习俗,小幽默哲理故事等,提高学生灵活处理语言的能力。 (二)实例列举: Reading comprehension ( E ) More and more young people from China begin to celebrate Father’s Day. They send fathers presents, or invite them for a nice dinner. But do you know how Father’s Day started? While Mrs. Dodd, from America, was listening to a talk about Mother’s Day in a church in 1909, she had an idea of having Father’s Day to honor her father, William Smart. Mr. Smart used to be a soldier. His wife died when she gave birth to her sixth child. Mr. Smart had to raise his six children alone. They lived a hard life. After Mrs. Dodd grew up, she wanted to thank her father for what he had done for them. She wrote a letter to a church and asked for the third Sunday in Jun e to be Father’s Day. The church agreed with her. The first Father’s Day was celebrated on June 19th, 1910 in Washington. Children made special desserts and did other things to make their fathers happy. In 1924, President Calvin Coolidge supported the idea of a national Father’s Day. People all over the country began to celebrate Father’s Day. Finally, in 1996, President Lyndon Johnson made the third Sunday in June Father’s Day. This year, Father’s Day was on June 17th. What did you do for your father? Answer the following questions according to what you read. 1. What do the young people usually do to celebrate Father’s Day in China?

2. Was Mrs. Dodd’s life hard when she was young?

3. Why did Mrs. Dodd want to have Father’s Day?

4. Did Mrs. Dodd write a letter to a church or to the president?

5. When was Father’s Day celebrated for the first time in America?

答案:(E) 1. The young people/They send fathers presents, or invite them for a nice dinner (in China). 2. Yes./Yes, it was. 3. Because Mrs. Dodd /she wanted to honor her father./Because Mrs. Dodd/ she wanted to thank her father (for what he had done for them). 4. Mrs. Dodd/She wrote (a letter) to a church./To a church. 5. It was celebrated on June 19th, 1910/On June 19th, 1910.

第五题(书面表达) 本部分共分A、B两题,要求考生能根据所给的提示和要求,分别完成书面表达。(A)题根据要求简单表达,题字数约为30—50词。(B)题根据所给信息写短文,题字数约为80-100词。本题旨在测试考生初中阶段对语言基础知识和写作技能的综合运用能力,包括多向思维和创新思维的能力,在做此题时,要求考生认真审题,理解题目要求,条理清晰,构思文段。 (一)说明: 写作技能主要考查学生运用所学语言知识与技能进行信息沟通、再现生活经历、描述周围事物、发表意见和观点的能力。 (二)实例列举: (A) 假如你是赵莉,Nancy在周末想邀请你去图书馆学习,但是你要和妈妈去看望外公外婆。请你给Nancy写一张便条,告诉她,并表达歉意。(30—40词,开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。) Dear Nancy, Zhao Li (B)每个人都有自己的梦想。有的人长大后,想成为教师;有的人长大后,想成为科学家;请你谈谈你长大后,想成为……,请以“My Dream”为题,写一下你的梦想。 要求:1. 词数80—100 2. 字迹工整,语言流畅,表达正确,逻辑清晰。3. 文章内容可适当发挥。 My Dream

(Possible answer) (A) Dear Nancy, Thank you for your invitation. I’m afraid I can’t go to the library with you on the weekend. My mother and I will go to visit my grandparents on that day. Zhao Li

(B) My Dream Everyone has his own dream. Some want to be teachers, others want to be scientists. My dream is to become a doctor. My friends asked me why. I told them my story. When I was a small boy, I was very weak. Once I was ill, I had a high fever. My parents sent me to the hospital but the doctors could do nothing for me. Then my parents heard there was a very good doctor in another town. They took me there. I was saved. A good doctor can save people’s lives. From then on ,I decided to become a doctor. I know it is not easy to be a doctor. But I am determined to study hard. I’m sure my dream will come true.

考试单词表 A a (an) art. ability n . able a. about prep. & ad. above prep. abroad ad. absent a. accept v. accident n. according to achieve v. achievement n. across prep. act n. & v. action n. actor n. actress n. active a. activi ty n. add v. address n. admire v. adult a./n. advantage n. advertisement n. advice n. advise v. afford v. afraid a. African a./n. after ad., prep. & conj. afternoon n . again ad. against prep. age n. ago ad. agree v. agreement n. ahead ad. air n. airport n. alarm n. alive a. all a. & pron. allow v. almost ad. alone a. along ad. & prep. aloud ad. already ad. also ad. although conj. always ad. America n. American a. & n . among prep. ancient a. and conj. angry a. animal n. another a. & pron. answer v. ant n. any pron. & a. anybody pron.. anymore ad. anyone pron. anything pron. anyway ad. anywhere ad. appear v. apple n. apartment n. April n . area n. argue v. arm n . army n. around prep. & ad. arrive v. art n . artist n. article n. as ad, conj. & prep. Asia n. Asian a./n. ask v. asleep a. at prep. athlete n. attend v. attention n. August n. aunt n. Australia n. Australian a .& n . autumn n. available a.. avoid v. awake a . away ad . awful a. B baby n. back ad .& n. background n . backpack n. bad a. badly ad. badminton n. bag n. ball n. balloon n. bamboo n. banana n. bank n. banker n. baseball n. basic a. basket n. basketball n. bathroom n. be (is, am, are, was, were, being, been) aux. v. beach n. bean n. bear n. beat v .& n. beauty n. beautiful a. beautifully ad. because conj. become (became, become) v. bed n. bedroom n. beef n. before prep., ad .& conj. begin v. beginning n. behind prep. believe v. believable a . bell n. belong v. below prep ./ adv. beside prep besides prep &[ 结 束 ]


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